Author: Niti Goyanka

CONSTELLATIONS

Stars seem to move across the sky through the night, but that movement is due to Earth’s rotation. As earth spins on its axis, objects appear to rise in the east and set in the west. In the Northern Hemisphere, some stars never appear to set. Called circumpolar stars, they circle at a point projected in the sky above the North Pole near Polaris, the Pole Star. A corresponding situation exists above the South Pole near the star Sigma Octantis. In ancient cultures, sky-watching played an important role in navigation, agriculture, religion and even entertainment. Those who observed the...

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THE FATHER OF NATION- MAHATMA GANDHI

“Strength does not come from physical capacity, it comes from an indomitable will.” Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869. He did his schooling in Rajkot Gujarat. At that time India was under British rule. His father died before he could finish his schooling. At the age of 13, Gandhi got married to Kasturba, who was even younger. In 1888, he set sail for England, where he decided to pursue a degree in law. After one year of a none too successful law practice, Gandhi decided to accept an offer from an Indian businessman in South Africa,...

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WHAT WAS THE BUBONIC PLAGUE?

The bubonic plague was a fatal disease carried by fleas that infested rodents. In 1347, it reached Europe from Asia and wreaked havoc. The characteristic symptom was swelling of the lymph nodes, also called buboes (hence the name). The disease was also known as the” black death,” referring to the dark sores that covered the bodies of victims before they died. The Black Death of Europe, one of the most widespread outbreaks of plague in history, decimated populations during the 14th century. This fearful pandemic killed more than 20 million people in Europe and reduced the population there by at least one fourth. Outbreaks caused hysteria. In some places, Christians blamed Jews for the plague and attacked them. In the long run, Europe proved remarkably resilient. Those who survived the Black Death lived to seek a better existence. The primary method of treatment for the plague was isolation, and these measures that evolved into higher quality hospitals and medical treatments. The ensuing labor shortage meant workers could command higher wages, and their standard of living rose. By 1450, kingdoms such as France, England, and Spain where Islam gave away to Christanity were gaining strength politically and economically and would soon wield power around the globe. “TO SACRIFICE WHAT YOU ARE AND TO LIVE WITHOUT BELIEF- THAT IS A FATE MORE TERRIBLE THAN DYING.”  JOAN OF ARC, 1431 Share...

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HOW DOES GPS WORK?

GPS- global positioning system is a space age version of triangulation. Originally developed for military use. GPS has three components satellites orbiting Earth, master control stations around the world, and receivers installed in locations ranging from naval destroyers to private golf carts. In the US GPS system, two dozen, Navstar satellites orbit the planet every 12 hours, following six different orbits. Three additional satellites orbit as backup. The satellites contain atomic clocks that send precise times with each signal. The control stations monitor the satellites, using remote controlled on board thrusters to manage their positions. When a GPS user...

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Examination Stress (types, diagnosis and solutions)

Hello examination! Your name is stress! What is examination stress? It could be defined as a type of high anxiety affecting a candidate before, during and after examination. It is a common issue dealt by students throughout their academic life. Stress is normal human feeling that is a part of the life and can often serve as a good form of adrenaline. Stress is your mind or your body’s natural response to what it seems as a threat. When threatened, our body triggers a number of physical(somatic), emotional and mental(cognitive) reactions. Each category is connected to the other, so...

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