Child Labor is defined as the work done as part time or full time by an under age child at low wages. Child Labor is the worst crime in the world which destroys children’s future completely and so nation’s future too. A child has full right to live his childhood by playing, studying and enjoying but due to some selfish people they are forced to do work as labor in unhealthy environment. Sometimes their real parents become their enemies because they force their children for labor work either due to selfishness or to fulfill their basic needs of survival in the society.
Who is responsible for Child Labor?
In India, more than 5 million children are engaged in labor work which is completely not acceptable in order to make our country healthy, wealthy and socially developed. Survey says that, poverty and shortage of good primary schools are the main cause for Child Labor. Except that, mental state of parents affects this crime. Until parents are not aware of harmful impacts of this crime “Child Labor” on their children, it is almost impossible to end this crime. Extreme poor and rural areas are the sources of this evil “Child Labor” or Child Slavery”. This trend has developed in rural areas to send their kids for work instead of sending them to school to get education.
What are the workplaces for Child Labor?
There are so many places in India where this crime still exists like households, real estates, hotels, restaurants, manufacturing plants, handicraft industry, coal mines etc. Some of them are too hazardous and dangerous for young ones which can physically and mentally damage them like exploitative occupation of coal mines and industries of matchbox and fireworks, but still children are working there in excess number.
Effects of Child Labor
Children are getting affected physically, mentally, socially, and morally due to this unacceptable crime “Child Labor”. It has targeted many countries in the form of undeveloped economic structure which has resulted in poverty, illiteracy, high population, corruption, unemployment, criminal activities, etc.
Laws and actions to prevent Child Labor
Indian Government has introduced so many rules and regulations for handling this crime like “Factories Act” in 1948, “Mines Act” in 1952, “The Child Labor(Prohibition and Regulation) Act” in 2000 and “The right of children for free and compulsory education act” in 2009. So the percentage of child labor is decreased in country but still we are not free from this problem completely because there are so many firms where children are hired for labor work for no or less pay. Many NGOs are also working for preventing this problem like “Bachpan Bachao Aandolan”, “Child Inda”, “Care India”, “Talash Association” and many more. Government has declared punishment for this crime of 50000Rs penalty for first attempt and 1 to 3 years of imprisonment for continuous 2nd attempt.
Each and every citizen is responsible for this crime “Child Labor” either those who are taking benefit of labor work for less pay or those who are ignoring working children. Until we all shall not understand the harmful and dangerous effects of Child Labor, we cannot get rid of this. Firstly, parents should change their thinking about the importance of education that how much is this important for their kids. We all should avoid child labor in our domestic area or work area and if we find this crime happening somewhere, we should take necessary steps to stop this. “There is a power in unity” we should follow this rule in order to make our children happy, healthy and educated. So we should always raise voice against Child Labor.