Samastipur is a district in Bihar which is spread over an area of 2904 sq. kms. It is spread over an area of 2904 sq. kms. Samastipur is bounded on the north by the Bagmati River which separates it from Darbhanga district. On the west it is bordered by Vaishali and some part of Muzaffarpur districts, on the south by the Ganges, while on its east it has Begusarai and some part of Khagaria districts. The district headquarters is located at Samastipur.The people of Samastipur celebrate its inaugration day as Jila Sthapna Diwas on 14 November.

People of Samastipur mainly speak Hindi. According to the 1991 census, Population Density in the District was 935 per sq.km. and the total population was 2.72 million.

The District is lacking in its educational infrastructure and the Literacy rate is only 36.37 % (male 50.39, female 21.17). The medical facility is also significantly low but there are efforts taken to improve the condition.

The district comprises of 4 sub-divisions, and 14 Community Development Blocks. It has 5 towns and 1237 villages. Infrastucture wise Samastipur is very strong. It is the Divisional Headquarters of the North Eastern railway. The district has direct train link with Patna, Kolkata, Delhi, Dhanbad, Jamshedpur and other places of importance. National Highway No. 28 passes through the district.

Agriculture is the main economic occupation of the district and about 83 per cent of the total working population depends on it. Samastipur is noted for its fertile alluvial soil and its rabi crops. It has been the center of the indigo industry. Wheat, pulses and edible oil seeds are also grown here. Samastipur is lucky to be traversed by rivers like Burhi Gandak, Baya, Kosi, Kamla, Kareh and Jhamwari and Balan, which are both the offshoots of Burhi Gandak. The Ganges also skirts the district on the south.

Description Units Units Description Units Units
Headquarters: SAMASTIPUR Total Area: 2904.0 sq. Kms.
Forest Area : 0.0 sq. Kms. Net Sown Area: 1848.65 sq. Kms.
Occupied House: 369.2 ‘000 Net Irrigation Area : 605.14 sq. Kms.
Total Population 2716.93 ‘000 Total Literates 780.34 ‘000
Total Male 1410.49 ‘000 Total Female 1306.44 ‘000
Urban Population 134.88 ‘000 Rural Population 2582.05 ‘000
Rural Population – Male 304.63 ‘000 Rural Population – Female 298.93 ‘000
Urban Population – Male 108.91 ‘000 Urban Population – Female 96.55 ‘000
Total SC Population 0.0 ‘000 Total ST Population 0.0 ‘000
SC Population – Rural 0.0 ‘000 ST Population – Rural 0.0 ‘000
SC Population – Urban 0.0 ‘000 ST Population – Urban 0.0 ‘000
Total Male Literacy 229.36 ‘000 Total Female Literacy 120.94 ‘000
Rural Literates 0.0 ‘000 Urban Literates 0.0 ‘000
Rural Literates – Male 0.0 ‘000 Rural Literates – Female 0.0 ‘000
Urban Literates – Male 0.0 ‘000 Urban Literates – Female 0.0 ‘000
Rural Male Literacy % 0.0 % Rural Female Literacy % 0.0 %
Urban Male Literacy % 0.0 % Urban Female Literacy % 0.0 %
Total Workers (‘000) Male Workers (‘000)