Hello everyone! I am here again but this time I am trying to do something very different. Something out of my comfort zone. I am going to make an analysis of Agricultural Policies of Indian Government. Before starting I just want to make it clear that I am not any professional student of social studies nor do I have any special qualities to judge many governments of great post-independent India. But I think that at I am a student (only student) which gives me license to form my opinions. So I am going to give a try. Please do share some of your facts too.
India has been basically an agriculture dependent country. Even after seven decades of hard fought independence nearly half of our population is still dependent on agriculture(directly or indirectly). So Indian politics has been moving around farmers since decades. But unfortunately it is only politics which has flourished not the farmers. So in a place like India the agricultural policies matter a lot. Agriculture is a very tough sector of develop as a whole that too in India. Even after a lot of development in agricultural sector we can find the lacking of basic facilities in this sector. Following are they:-
- Uneven distribution of lands.
- Dependency on monsoon.
- Lack of communication between farmers and technology
- Lack of basic infrastructure for a small farmer.
Let us roll back to history. India has followed policies of five year plan. In the first three five year plans the main motto was to make India self-sufficient in terms of producing grains. But till 1966 we failed miserably. In 1965-66 India was hit by a serious drought which made the matters worse. So from 1966 onwards government took some major steps. It brought major technologies in agriculture such has HYV seeds, fertilisers, pesticides etc . Green revolution gave our economy boost making us self-sufficient. Governments build dams and canals which reduced the burden over monsoon for irrigational supplies.
In 1970s and 1980s the agriculture sector saw some basic growth in GDP with average 4% growth. But in 1990s there came the major changes. The budget focused on improving the quality and exports. At that time India was facing a great trade deficit. The main focus was on increasing the trade export. That was also the time of liberalisation of economy.
In the 21st century the major benefit is that now only about 47% people are now involved in agriculture (directly and indirectly). This is great sign because at the time of independence there were about 80% population involved in agriculture. And the major drawback of 21st century is that 47% of us are still involved in agriculture. To be a developed country this has to be reduced to 20%. USA has only 1%of its population involved in agriculture. Indian farmers and a victim of disguised unemployment. This is a great worry.
Many beneficial policies were also made for agricultural sector. Such as:-
- Different yojanas were launched for the farmers which made the agricultural practices a little bit easy.
- Kisan Credit Card has been issued. Taking loans from the banks have been made easy but still many farmers are scared to take loans from banks.
- Building of canals and dams has been proved beneficial but only for large farmers.
- Loans have been waived off. But I seriously think that waiving off the loans is not any solution.
- Modern technology has been introduced and provided to the farmers such as HYV seeds.
- Zamindari system has now been abolished but still there is uneven distribution of land.
- Many awareness programmes are being launched by the government which has made farmers more skilled and technologically awared.
Like every coin this also has two faces. But unfortunately one face is rough while other is polished. Even after 7 decades we are receiving the news of suicides of farmers on daily basis. There are enough policies in India. Enough laws have been made by the government. Problem is not there. Problem lies in execution. The yojanas and policies do not reach to the grass root level. Everyone is busy in shining there politics but no one is there to improve our execution system. Laws won’t help us. Proper execution of them will do.
So yeah this was my small analysis on Agricultural policies of Indian Government. I know there are many mistakes but I will like to hear your ideas and views. Till then good bye and take care.
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